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Potato babka

Thu, 19 November, 2020

This is a good offering for a vegetarian or vegan Christmas roast. The only problem – you won’t fancy roast potatoes as a side dish.

vegetarian potato babka

Where does potato babka come from?

Potato babka is a classic albeit obscure dish from the eastern parts of Poland, North Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania, the part of the world that the Poles (rightly or wrongly) call ‘the outskirts’. Even though some Old Polish cooking traditions come therein (sumptuous borscht, caviar-filled blinis and pierogi – celebrated Polish dumplings), it was mainly peasant kitchen, based on potatoes.

Potato is king in the Eastern outskirts – they surely could teach the Irish a thing or two about the inventive use of spuds. Forget gnocchi – kopytka are the original potato dumplings. Latkes, weirdly served with soured cream and a sprinkling of sugar, are eaten for dinner. There are potato-filled pierogis and potato kiszka or babka.

vegetarian or vegan potato roast

What goes in it?

The basis for the latter two is grated raw potato mass, quite like for preparing latkes or Swiss rösti. It is seasoned, traditionally just with salt, pepper and marjoram, and mixed with sweated down onions and diced bacon.

The ‘kiszka’ is then stuffed into a sausage casing and roasted as if it was a genuine sausage; the ‘babka’ is loaded into a loaf tin pretending to be a meatloaf.

Peasant food is by principle about very little meat going a very long way, hence the pretend meat in the shape of potatoes studded and flavoured with a little of what was available as a special treat: sausage casing, bacon or sometimes just lardons.

potato babka baked loaf vegetarian version

The cooks from two or three hundred years ago would be gob-smacked by today’s vegans and their vegan ‘sausages’ or ‘burgers’: to be able to have meat and consciously spurn it in favour of an ersatz, that’s unthinkable.

And so I turned the dish on its head in order to, hopefully, do justice to a frugal peasant recipe and at the same time to satisfy modern dietary choices.

potato bake with peppers and mushrooms

How to prepare potato babka?

The main chore is peeling and grating the potatoes but a food processor will do a quick and easy job out of it. No food processor? No problem – guess what, you can whizz the potatoes in a blender in no time at all.

The mass needs to be drained or we get a baked potato gruel at the end of the journey. Let them sit on a sieve set over a bowl draining in an organic way (they might darken on the surface which is oxidisation, which is perfectly all right) while you slice and dice other ingredients, or you can apply brutal force and squeeze the moisture out by a handful of grated spuds.

loaf baked potato babka

The other additions to my babka, peppers, mushrooms and onions, need to be cooked before mixing in, otherwise the whole squeezing/draining exercise is in vain. Then it’s seasoning and mixing time, rustically using your hands of course – but seriously, that will be the most effective method. Add the vegetables at the end, so they don’t get crushed too much in the mixing.

Then it is packed down in the tin and off it goes for a looong bake – 2 hours to be safe, and it’s virtually impossible to overbake it. I personally prefer it a bit drier and crispier so I like it best on the following day: sliced and seared in the pan on both sides with a little oil or butter.

potato babka

Servings: 6Time: 3 hours
Rating: (1 reviews)


  • 1 kg (2 pounds) potatoes
  • 100g (3 oz.) mushrooms
  • 1 red pepper or ½ red and ½ yellow
  • 1 large onion
  • 1 tbsp butter (skip for vegan version or use vegan butter)
  • 3 tbsp. olive oil
  • 4 garlic cloves
  • 30g (2 tbsp.) pecorino cheese, grated (optional)
  • 1 egg
  • 2 tbsp. plain flour
  • ½ tsp dried thyme
  • 1 tsp dried marjoram
  • 1 tsp mustard seeds
  • 1 tsp nigella seeds
  • 1 tsp ground turmeric
  • 1 ½ tsp salt
  • ½ tsp black pepper
  • ½ bunch fresh dill, finely chopped
  • butter and plain breadcrumbs for the tin


1. Peel the potatoes and grate them medium-fine (you can blitz them in a blender or food processor as well). Scrape them into a sieve set over a large bowl and leave to drain while you prepare the other ingredients. They might darken a little on the surface.

draining grated potatoes

2. Thickly slice the mushrooms. Cut the peppers into long strips. Dice the onion.

mushrooms peppers onion

3. Heat the olive oil (and butter, if using) in a large frying pan. Add the onion and cook for a few minutes until it softens. Add the mushrooms and peppers and cook for about 5-7 minutes until the mushrooms are cooked and the peppers wilt and soften. Take it off the heat and set aside to cool a little.

cooking vegetables for potato babka

4. Preheat the oven to 200C/400F/gas 6. Grease a loaf tin and coat with breadcrumbs.

5. Squeeze out moisture from the grated potatoes, discard the water but keep the starch collected at the bottom of the bowl. Place the potatoes in the bowl and press the garlic into it. Add all the remaining ingredients and spices to the potatoes except the cooked vegetables, plus the collected starch. Mix it all very well together using your hands.

making potato mix for babka

6. Add the onion, peppers and mushrooms to the potato mix and fold it in evenly. Spoon the mixture into the prepared tin and press down into it. Dot the surface with a little butter or drizzle with oil.

potato babka ready for oven

7. Bake for 2 hours; cover the top loosely with foil if it browns too much. Let the babka stand a few minutes before turning it out onto a wooden board.

potato babka baked in a tin

8. Slice thickly and serve with soured cream or plain yoghurt on the side.

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Anna @ CuisineFiend
Yes you do - I've now updated to make it clear. Thank you for pointing it out.
3 years ago
Step 5: Do you mix the collected starch back into the potatoes?
3 years ago
Anna @ CuisineFiend
Hi, thank you! It's a bespoke website so the theme is unique. Glad you like it.
3 years ago
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I am really enjoying the design and layout of your post. It is very easy on the eyes which makes it all the more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Have you made your own theme because whoever made the theme here is so beautiful.
3 years ago

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Hello! I'm Anna Gaze, the Cuisine Fiend. Welcome to my recipe collection.

I have lots of recipes for you to choose from: healthy or indulgent, easy or more challenging, quick or involved - but always tasty.


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